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Quick Start


This is a quick start guide for JuiceFS Enterprise Edition. If you are using the JuiceFS Community Edition, please visit Community Edition Documentation.

If you are using JuiceFS Enterprise on-premises, note that all the web console links points to our cloud service console, you should change the address and access your on-premises console instead. On-premises deployment use the same set of software as JuiceFS Cloud Service, thus this documentation applies to both.

Check the following before getting started with JuiceFS:

  • Software architecture: Skim through our architecture to get a grasp on the basic role of each component.
  • Storage: With JuiceFS, all data will be stored in your own object storage, you can create the object storage bucket manually in the cloud platform in advance, or you can let JuiceFS client automatically create the bucket for you. either way, you need to prepare the secret key to access the API of object storage.
  • Python: Make sure you have Python installed, Python >= 3.5 is needed for graceful upgrade, Python >= 2.7 is supported as a minimum.
  • FUSE: JuiceFS achieves POSIX compatibility via FUSE, make sure you have FUSE installed:
Windows caveats

JuiceFS client for Windows is not yet available for open use, contact us if you are in need.

On the other hand, you may choose to use JuiceFS client in WSL 2, installation steps are just the same as Linux. But note that WSL 2 requires Hyper-V which is usually not available on cloud service VMs, proceed with caution.

Creating a file system

You can create any number of file systems, each associated with an object storage bucket. Open the web console, click the "Create File System" button.

create file system

In the above form:

  • Volume Name: A unique name for your file system, must be provided when mounting the file system.

  • Object Storage Region: The service provider / region of your object storage, select the one closest to your application hosts to get the best latency.

    If the desired object storage isn't listed as one of the supported providers (e.g. Cloudflare R2,) choose S3 instead, and then fill in the full endpoint in the bucket field. Using this method, you can make any S3-compatible service work with JuiceFS.

  • Trash Expiration Time: Days to keep deleted files, set to zero to disable. Files in trash remains billable, read trash for more.

  • Advanced Options Bucket (or full endpoint): The object storage bucket used by the file system, use an existing bucket or JuiceFS will try to create for you upon the first mount (Access Key/Secret Key must be associated with bucket create permission).

    If you wish to use other S3-compatible services, fill in a full endpoint instead. Take R2 for example: https://<accountid>

  • Advanced Options Block Size: The object storage block size, 4M is usually a better default value because many object storage services use 4M as their internal block size, thus using the same block size in JuiceFS usually yields better performance. Learn how JuiceFS split and store files in "How JuiceFS Stores Files".

  • Advanced Options Compression: The compression algorithm used by the file system. Compression reduces object storage usage but affects performance. If you were to store data that's already compressed (like Parquet, ORC), disable compression to avoid read amplification.

  • On-prem Single Zone Limited: If you're already using a multi-zone cluster, but among all the file systems, some maybe smaller and doesn't really need multi-zone level performance. Enable this option to limit file system metadata to a single zone (zone 0, to be specific). Such tuning allows easier management for these minor file systems.

Upon creation, you will be redirected to the settings page, follow the instructions to mount the newly created file system. Note the Token in the settings page, this is used by clients to authenticate against the web console and fetch relevant configs, when you mount a JuiceFS file system.


Mounting the file system

In order to mount JuiceFS, node is required to have access to the metadata service and the corresponding object storage. For a production environment, mount points should be located in the same region as the file system's object storage, in order to achieve the best performance.

Client installation

Linux and macOS users can run the below command to install JuiceFS to /usr/local/bin (you can modify it according to the actual situation).

curl -L -o /usr/local/bin/juicefs && chmod +x /usr/local/bin/juicefs

If you encounter a Permission denied error during the execution of the above command, use sudo or switch to the root user to execute.

In the terminal, run juicefs --help and expect a help message printed, indicating that the client was installed successfully. If you see command not found, check your environment variables and ensure /usr/local/bin is in PATH.


To mount the file system that you just created, run:

sudo juicefs mount $VOL_NAME $MOUNTPOINT

Replace $VOL_NAME with the file system name set during "Creating a file system", and replace $MOUNTPOINT with the desired path, like /jfs.

The client will interactively ask for credentials. You'll be needing the token of the file system, and the Access Key ID / Access Key Secret required to access the object storage (must have full access to the underlying bucket).

$ sudo juicefs mount myjfs /jfs
Token for myjfs: xxxxx
Access key ID for oss://juicefs-myjfs: xxxxx
Access key secret for oss://juicefs-myjfs: xxxxx
OK, myjfs is ready at /jfs.

Credentials are required when mounting for the first time, upon a successful mount, relevant information will be stored in $HOME/.juicefs/$VOL_NAME.conf, so you won't need to provide them again on the next mount.

Now that JuiceFS has been mounted on the system, the client will run as a daemon in the background, logs will be written to /var/log/juicefs.log, refer to "Troubleshooting Methods" for more.

Check file system usage and directory size

You can use the df command to view the file system usage, and the ls -l command to view the directory size (Note that the du command cannot be used), for details, please refer to "Capacity and Quota" documentation.

Verify the file system

After the file system is mounted, you can use the juicefs bench command to perform basic performance tests and functional verification of the file system to ensure that the JuiceFS file system can be accessed normally and its performance meets expectations:

juicefs bench /jfs

After running the juicefs bench command, N large files (1 by default) and N small files (100 by default) will be written to and read from the JuiceFS file system according to the specified concurrency (1 by default), and statistics the throughput of read and write and the latency of a single operation, as well as the latency of accessing the metadata engine.

If you encounter any problems during the verification of the file system, please refer to the "Troubleshooting Methods" document first.

Upgrade & Seamless remount

It's recommended to continuously upgrade JuiceFS Client in order to get the latest improvements and fixes, upgrading is done by:

juicefs version --upgrade

A remount is required in order for the upgrade to take effect, add --restart to upgrade and seamless remount at the same time, using this one-liner:

juicefs version --upgrade --restart

The mount command itself supports seamless remount as well, simply edit the mount options and re-run juicefs mount:

# Verify current mount point
$ df -h /jfs
Filesystem Size Used Avail Use% Mounted on
JuiceFS:myjfs 1.0T 11G 1014G 1% /jfs

# Modify mount option and remount
# If you've forgotten the mount command, you can always get it back from the ps command demonstrated above
$ juicefs mount myjfs /jfs --buffer-size=300
OK, myjfs is ready at /jfs.

# Check runtime configuration to verify
grep -i buffer /jfs/.config
  • If you're still using 4.9 or earlier versions, the daemon process is a Python program, which is different from the 5.0 and above. For older clients, Python 3 is needed for graceful restart & upgrade.
  • Graceful restart doesn't support FUSE option changes, umount & remount is required.
  • A graceful restart triggers persistence to object storage, pending data inside the buffer is uploaded to the object storage. In a high load situation, this might not finish in time and client log will read an error message mount point xxx is busy, stop upgrade.

Auto-mount on boot

After confirming that the mount is successful and can be used normally, you can refer to this section to set the automatic mount on boot.


Add an entry in file system table (/etc/fstab) so that JuiceFS is automatically mounted on boot. JuiceFS v4.8 and above supports --update-fstab to make this easier:

# Needs root permission to modify /etc/fstab
$ sudo juicefs mount --update-fstab $VOL_NAME $MOUNTPONT
$ grep $VOL_NAME /etc/fstab
<VOL_NAME> <MOUNTPONT> juicefs _netdev 0 0

CentOS 6 does not automatically mount the network file system at boot time by default, you need to run the following command to enable automatic mounting.

sudo chkconfig --add netfs

If you'd like to control this process by hand, note that:

  • A soft link needs to be created from /sbin/mount.juicefs to the juicefs executable, the /sbin/mount.juicefs command is called when the operating system parses the fstab.

  • All parameters provided in your juicefs mount command must also be included in the fstab options to take effect. Remember to remove the prefixing hyphen(s), and add their values with =, for example:

    $ sudo juicefs mount --update-fstab $VOL_NAME $MOUNTPONT -b --max-uploads=1 --prefetch 2 --writeback myjfs /jfs -o max_read=3
    # -o stands for FUSE options, and is handled differently
    $ grep $VOL_NAME /etc/fstab
    <VOL_NAME> <MOUNTPONT> juicefs _netdev,background,max-uploads=1,max_read=3,prefetch=2,writeback 0 0

If services depending on JuiceFS have also been configured to start automatically on boot, you may need to adjust the startup order. Using Docker as an example, set up JuiceFS dependency by the following systemd unit file:

# systemd unit for JuiceFS mount is usually called jfs.mount
# find out using: systemctl list-units | grep mount firewalld.service containerd.service jfs.mount


  1. Create ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.juicefs.VOL_NAME.plist as follows, replace capitalized words to their true values.

    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple Computer//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "">
    <plist version="1.0">
  2. Run the following command and see if mount succeeds.

    launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.juicefs.VOL_NAME.plist
    launchctl start ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.juicefs.VOL_NAME
  3. If the mount is not successful, add this piece to the above plist file:


    Reload to check JuiceFS logs:

    launchctl unload ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.juicefs.VOL_NAME.plist
    launchctl load ~/Library/LaunchAgents/com.juicefs.VOL_NAME.plist
    cat /tmp/mycommand.out
    cat /tmp/mycommand.err

Import existing files

If you have a lot of files in an existing object storage, you can import them into JuiceFS in a read-only fashion, the imported files can utilize JuiceFS' cache capabilities to accelerate read, but does not support modification (if objects are modified, they'll have to be imported again for changes to take effect). If this caters to your scenario, read juicefs import for full introduction.

If the existing files are to be modified in the future, it's best that you migrate completely to JuiceFS, this can be achieved using tools like cp or rsync, but when faced with a large amount of data, it's recommended to use juicefs sync to further improve import speed.

Unmounting the file system

Use the umount command to unmount the file system.

umount /jfs

If the command returns the target is busy error, it means that the file system is in use, use lsof MOUNTPOINT to find and kill the process of the relevant application, and try again.

For Linux, you can use the -l option to perform a delayed unmount (file system is unmounted immediately, but mount processes will exit when file descriptors are released).

umount -l /jfs

If you run into problems trying to unmount, refer to unmount error for troubleshooting.